Digital Nomad Visas Europe For Australians: A Guide

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Digital Nomad Visas Europe
Various European countries are releasing new digital nomad visas post-pandemic. Photo by Markus Spiske.

Find out where Australians can currently go with long-term digital nomad visas! 20+ European countries are looking to attract nomadic professionals. You’ll see your options, visa requirements and potential costs.

What is a digital nomad visa? While each visa is different, they generally offer those who earn their income independently of the country that they are in (such as remote workers, freelancers, entrepreneurs and online business owners) 1-3 years in which to legally travel and work in that country.

The countries that currently offer digital nomad visas in Europe for Australians are:

Digital Nomad Visas Europe-Wide

COUNTRYVisa Length?
Renewable? (Y/N/TBC)
Min. Annual IncomeFamilies Allowed?Cost of Living
CroatiaUp to 12 months (TBC)≈$45k AUD/yr or $45k+ savingsTBCLow
CyprusUp to 12 months (Y)≈$62k AUD/yrYLow/Med
Czech Republic (Czechia)Up to 12 months (Y)≈$67k AUD/yrTBCLow/Med
EstoniaUp to 12 months (TBC)≈$67k AUD/yrTBCLow/Med
GermanyVarious (TBC)≈$8k AUD/yr + rent/insuranceTBCMed/High
GeorgiaUp to 12 months (TBC)≈$33k AUD/yrTBCLow
GreeceUp to 24 months (TBC)≈$63k AUD/yrTBCLow
HungaryUp to 12 months (Y)≈$38k AUD/yrTBCLow
IcelandUp to 6 months (TBC)≈$130k AUD/yrTBCHigh
MaltaUp to 12 months (Y)≈$52k AUD/yrY (inc. LGBT+)Med/High
NorwayUp to 24 months (Y)≈$57k AUD/yrYHigh
PortugalUp to 12 months (Y)≈$12k AUD/yrTBCLow
RomaniaUp to 12 months (Y)≈$70k AUD/yrTBCLow
Note: Income is for individuals and may be higher for families/couples.

As there are new and ongoing visas in Europe being released, bookmark this guide and check in regularly.

The European countries with digital nomad visas “in development” for Australians at the time of writing are:

  • Andorra
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Montenegro
  • North Macedonia
  • Serbia
  • Spain

We will discuss all of the above in this post, but as there may be some lesser-known countries, each section below has a link to that country’s tourism page to find out more. You might find a hidden gem!

First, let’s start with the digital nomad destinations in Europe where you can enjoy a quality lifestyle on a budget.

CHEAPEST Digital Nomad Destination Cities in Europe

The Fisherman’s Bastion is one of budget-conscious Budapest’s best-known monuments. Photo by Emma Fabbri.

Budapest, Hungary

The Hungary digital nomad visa (or White Card) allows Australians to work in Budapest or smaller places like Lake Balaton for a year (renewable). An affordable cost of living and high internet speeds mean that you could be working from a cafe alongside the Danube River in no time. A domestic beer here will cost you ≈$2.50 AUD and a one-bedroom apartment in the Budapest city centre will set you back around ≈$600 AUD/month.

Cost: ≈$165 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): Y, up to a further 24 months.
Income requirement: ≈$38k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Budapest, Hungary is 58.85% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈193.80 Mbps (8/100)
Global peace index: 13/163
Official site: White Card 

Imagine walking around the “Old Town” of Bucharest, Romania; a low-cost European location. Photo by Jani Godari.

Bucharest, Romania

In Romania, Bucharest, Timisoara, Cluj, and Brasov all boast their digital nomad-friendly credentials, while remaining extremely cheap by Australian standards. A domestic beer will cost you ≈$3 AUD in the capital and a one-bedroom apartment in the city centre ≈$675 AUD/month.

Cost: ≈$200 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): Y
Income requirement: ≈$70k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Bucharest, Romania is 57.86% lower than in Sydney, Australia. 
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈214.33 Mbps (5/100)
Global peace index: 31/163
Official site: Ministry of Foreign Affairs E-Visa

Tbilisi, Georgia is a relatively unknown, but beautiful and cheap destination in Europe. Photo by giorgi gvilava.

Tbilisi, Georgia

You may not have heard about this small country in the Caucasus (North of Armenia and Azerbaijan), but Tbilisi, Georgia (and to a lesser extent, Batumi and Gori) are top of many digital nomad lists of cheap European destinations right now for several reasons. The first is the fact that you can stay in Georgia for twelve months without a visa, which makes the process very simple and there is no visa fee.

Secondly, under article 90 of the Georgian tax code, “an individual with an earning up to 500 000 GEL, approx. $150 000USD [or $225k AUD] yearly obtaining a certificate of “small business” can enjoy 1% personal income tax in Georgia”. So, this is an attractive option for business owners and entrepreneurs. A domestic beer will cost you ≈$2.50 AUD in the capital and a one-bedroom apartment in the city centre ≈$1000 AUD/month.

The Remotely from Georgia program was designed to attract digital nomads to the country during the pandemic (if the application link is not working, visit the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia visa page, or contact your nearest Embassy or Consulate for more information) but remains open at the time of writing. 

Cost: No fee
Visa length: Up to 12 months visa-free (No visa required!)
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: ≈$33k AUD min. annual income
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Tbilisi, Georgia is 57.42% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Mobile internet speed (Global): ≈30.67 Mbps (113/144)
Global peace index: 95/163
Official site: Remotely from Georgia

BEST RATED Digital Nomad Destination Cities in Europe

Now, let’s have a look at some of the most popular and well-reviewed cities with digital nomad visas in Europe.

Porto, Portugal is both one of the best-rated and most economical digital nomad destinations in Western Europe. Photo by Everaldo Coelho.

Porto, Portugal

The Portugal digital nomad visa (also known as the D7 or Portugal Freelance Visa/Temporary Residence) is one of the hottest right now for several reasons. Portugal also has some of the lowest digital nomad visa requirements for income and is both one of the safest and most economical countries in Western Europe. Porto, Madeira, Lisbon and Costa da Caparica all have established nomad communities.

Porto is a consistent favourite for its highly spoken-about coworking spaces, cafes, nightlife, and places to live and stay as a digital nomad. It’s obvious why Australians are going there in record numbers. A domestic beer here will cost you ≈$3 AUD and a one-bedroom apartment in the Porto city centre will set you back around ≈$1100 AUD/month.

Cost: ≈$245 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): Y, up to 2 years at a time.
Income requirement: ≈$12k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Lisbon, Portugal is 42.83% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈150.39 Mbps (27/100)
Global peace index: 6/163
Official site: Fixed Residency for “people living out from individual revenues”.

Tallinn, Estonia is perfect for the snow-loving digital nomad. Photo by Emma Wurfel.

Tallinn, Estonia

“…eligible location-independent workers can apply for the chance to come to Estonia to live for up to a year with peace of mind that they can legally work…” says the Estonian digital nomad visa website, which is so pro-business it even includes guides to setting up a business in the EU on the government homepage. Tallinn, the capital has recently been heralded as the “best city in the world” for digital nomads but Tartu is another popular destination. A domestic beer here will cost you ≈$6.75 AUD and a one-bedroom apartment in the Tallinn city centre will set you back around ≈$900 AUD/month.

Cost: ≈$160AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: ≈$67k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low/Medium. The COL in Tallinn, Estonia is 40.93% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈78.58 Mbps (55/100)
Global peace index: 33/163
Official site: Republic of Estonia E-Residency

Zagreb, Croatia is a budget-conscious nomad’s dream. Photo by Kristijan Arsov.

Zagreb, Croatia

The Croatian digital nomad visa may not be the first to spring to mind for the average Australian but with a low cost of living in cities like Zagreb, Split and Osijek, it’s an attractive European option. A domestic beer here will cost you ≈$3.50 AUD and a one-bedroom apartment in the Zagreb city centre will set you back around ≈$750 AUD/month.

Cost: ≈$150 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: $45,000 AUD min. annual income or $45,000 AUD in savings in the bank.
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Zagreb, Croatia is 49.88% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈57.30 Mbps (66/100)
Global peace index: 15/163
Official site: Republic of Croatia Ministry of Foreign Affairs

If none of those places feels quite right, what are your other European visa options?

Unlike Australia, Europe offers many different nations to visit in a relatively small area. Photo by Christian Lue.

Other Current Digital Nomad Visas in Europe

Here’s the latest info on which European countries are offering digital nomad visas and the individual details.

Cyprus

In 2021, the Council of Ministers approved the introduction of the Cyprus Digital Nomad Visa Scheme “with a ceiling of 100 residence permits to be issued. On March 3 2022, the Council of Ministers increased the ceiling to 500 residence permits”, so limits apply at time of writing.

Cost: ≈$105 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 Months
Renewable (Y/N): Yes, up to 3 Years
Income requirement: ≈$5225 AUD/month or ≈$62k min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): Y
Cost of living: Low/Medium. The COL in Nicosia, Cyprus is 42.80% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈50.46 Mbps (78/100)
Global peace index: 67/163
Official site: Civil Registry and Migration Department

Czech Republic (Czechia)

Also known as the Živnostenský (‘Zivno’) opravneni, the Czech Republic (Czechia) digital nomad visa was initially designed for freelancers, but may also be an option for other nomads. Many choose to work with a Czech visa agent as the process can be, apparently, quite complex.

Cost: ≈$60 AUD + ≈$1500 AUD in taxes/year.
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): Y
Income requirement: ≈$7550+ AUD balance + ≈$67k min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low/Medium. The COL in Prague, Czech Republic is 41.94% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈85.89 Mbps (52/100)
Global peace index: 8/163
Official site: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic

Germany

With large digital nomad communities in Berlin, Dresden and Munich, if you’d like to join them, there are several different digital nomad visa possibilities in Germany. There is the Self Employed Visa (Gewerbetreibender) and the Freelancer Visa (Freiberufler), which have different requirements. It’s best to check the German Government’s Visa Navigator site below or to contact your local German Embassy. There is also a good guide to the process at allaboutberlin.com.

Cost: ≈$90 AUD
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: Rent + insurance + $8k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Medium/High. The COL in Berlin, Germany is 23.88% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈120.93 Mbps (35/100)
Global peace index: 16/163
Official site: Visa Navigator

Greece

Greece has had economic challenges in the past decade and it appears that they are looking to recover, in part, by attracting digital nomads to cities such as Athens, Thessaloniki and Rhodes. If you’re keen to see many of the sights of the ancient world, see the websites below for how to apply for the Greece digital nomad visa.

Cost: $115 AUD
Visa length: Up to 24 months
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: ≈$63k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Athens, Greece is 44.25% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈36.73 Mbps (99/100)
Global peace index: 53/100
Official site: Work from Greece / Greek Embassy in Australia

Iceland

Iceland is not the cheapest country with a digital nomad visa, but if you’re looking for a cold and beautiful wilderness with only a smattering of people in greater Reykjavik, this Nordic option may be for you.

Cost: ≈$85 AUD
Visa length: Up to 6 months (must wait another 12 months to reapply)
Renewable (Y/N): N
Income requirement: ≈$130k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: High. The COL in Reykjavik, Iceland is 2.14% higher than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): N/A
Global peace index: 1/163
Official site: Long-term Visa for Remote Workers

Malta

If you’re looking for a country in Europe where English is the dual national language, you might enjoy Malta and their digital nomad visa. Valletta and Sliema are booming with nomads.

Cost: ≈$470 AUD
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): Y, Up to 36 months.
Income requirement: ≈$52k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): Y (including same-sex partners)
Cost of living: Medium/High. The COL in Valletta, Malta is 17.39% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈134.48 Mbps (29/100)
Global peace index: N/A
Official site: Nomad Residence Permit

Norway

The ‘Skilled Worker or Self Employed Residency’ Visa attracts nomads to a wide variety of locations in Norway such as Alesund, Oslo, Tromso and Trondheim. The Norway digital nomad visa is mainly designed for self-employed nomads or those with their own businesses, so confirm your eligibility in other situations.

Cost: ≈$1000 AUD
Visa length: Up to 24 months (Can renew up to 6 years)
Renewable (Y/N): Y
Income requirement: ≈$57k AUD min. annual income.
Families allowed (Y/N): Y
Cost of living: High. The COL in Oslo, Norway is 1.97% higher than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈159.99 Mbps (22/100)
Global peace index: 17/163
Official site: Independent contractor (self-employed person with a company abroad).

These future digital nomad visas in Europe may be here before you know it. Photo by Mika Baumeister.

Planned/Future Digital Nomad Visas in Europe

While some of these digital nomad visas are expected to be official soon, others have no clear timeline. It’s best to check back with this regularly if you’re considering an extended European ‘workcation’.

Andorra

A visa still in development, digital nomads are researching previously unknown cities like Andorra la Vella in anticipation of the Andorra digital nomad visa.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: TBC
Cost of living: Low/Medium. The COL in Andorra la Vella is 42.67% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈​​191.23 Mbps (12/100)
Global peace index: N/A
Official site: Andorra Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Italy

Another visa still in the pipeline is Italy’s new digital nomad visa. Laws were passed in March 2022 but are still to be finalised at the time of writing.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: TBC
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Medium. The COL in Rome, Italy is 26.60% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈90.93 Mbps (48/100)
Global peace index: 32/163
Official site: Visa for Italy

Latvia

You may not have heard much about Riga, Latvia but it’s a growing location on the nomad radar now that Latvia announced in early 2022 that they have a digital nomad visa in progress.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: Up to 12 months
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: ≈$51k AUD min annual income (TBC)
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Riga, Latvia is 50.19% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈128.69 Mbps (33/100)
Global peace index: 35/163
Official site: Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs – Republic of Latvia

Montenegro

Kotor, Podgorica, Bar and Budva are just some of the towns where nomads are likely to congregate after receiving their Montenegro digital nomad visa (or the ‘Program for Attracting Digital Nomads in Montenegro’), announced in 2021 but yet to be finalised at the time of writing.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: Up to 6 months? (TBC)
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: TBC
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Podgorica, Montenegro is 65.18% lower than in Sydney.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈64.44 Mbps (62/100)
Global peace index: 48/163
Official site: Government of Montenegro

North Macedonia

Another country with a digital nomad visa in development is North Macedonia, the small nation with Skopje as its capital.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: TBC
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Skopje, North Macedonia is 68.18% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈37.20 Mbps (98/100)
Global peace index: 36/163
Official site: The Republic of North Macedonia – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Serbia

You’ll have to wait a little longer for a digital nomad visa to Serbia that will allow you to visit Belgrade, Novi Sad and Nis, but if you’d like to explore a Balkan nation friendly to start-ups, this could be for you.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: ≈$63k AUD min. annual income (TBC).
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Low. The COL in Belgrade, Serbia is 58.34% lower than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈77.88 Mbps (57/100)
Global peace index: 52/163
Official site: Belgrade Gets Digital (Unofficial)

Spain

Digital nomads are a common sight in Gran Canaria and Tenerife (on the Canary Islands) and Barcelona, Lisbon and Valencia on the mainland. When the Spain digital nomad visa will be available is still unknown at the time of writing but I am expecting it to be very popular with Aussies.

Cost: TBC
Visa length: TBC
Renewable (Y/N): TBC
Income requirement: TBC
Families allowed (Y/N): TBC
Cost of living: Medium. The COL in Madrid, Spain is 34.56% cheaper than in Sydney, Australia.
Fixed internet speed (Global): ≈186.40 Mbps (14/100)
Global peace index: 29/163
Official site: Spanish Embassy in Australia

Digital Nomad Visa Alternatives

The following European countries have visa alternatives that may also work in your situation:

Bulgaria

There is no current official digital nomad visa in Bulgaria, but a Freelance ‘D’ Visa may be a good alternative. Sofia, Bankso and Plovdiv are the most well-known nomad-friendly destinations.

France

Another country with a self-employed/freelance visa alternative to a digital nomad visa is France. The Self Employed Person or Liberal Activity Visa is for those earning more than ≈$28k AUD min. annual income to live and work in cities like Marseille, Toulouse and Montpellier for up to 12 months. The visa cost ≈$160 AUD.

Ireland

Ireland doesn’t have a digital nomad visa, but you can consider the Immigration Investor Programme and Start Up Entrepreneur Programme or the Working Holiday Visa (for 18-30 year olds), which allows Australians to live and work in places like Dublin, Galway and Belfast for up to 12 months. The WHV costs ≈$100 AUD.

United Kingdom (UK)

A digital nomad visa in the United Kingdom (UK) is still not forthcoming, but if you want to be a digital nomad in Bristol, Birmingham or London (among others), you can consider the Youth Mobility Scheme if you are 18-30. The YMS costs ≈$460 AUD.

Digital Nomad Visas in Europe Summary

With over 20 digital nomad visas in Europe to choose from, you are spoiled for choice. You may be swayed by one of the cheapest destinations or the best rated based on feedback from other digital nomads – or, finally – you may want to wander ‘off the beaten path’ with a smaller or lesser-known city or town. Whatever your decision, there has never been a better time to start your digital nomad lifestyle in Europe.

Want support to make your digital nomad dreams a reality? Get in touch.
As digital nomad information is ever-changing, bookmark this post and check back later for updates.

For 50+ Digital Nomad Visas available for Australians, see our Complete Guide.

digital nomad visas australia

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